23 10月 2023 gabriels
In Washington, Oregon, and California, ignitions from recreational activities accounted for 12% of human-caused wildfires, and 8% of the area burned, from 1992–2020. Wildfires ignited by recreational activities not only increase fire suppression expenditures but have the potential to limit recreational activities traditionally associated with use of fire, such as camping. From 1992–2020, 50% of recreation-caused ignitions in these three states occurred on lands managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The mean annual number of recreation-caused ignitions on national forests in the three states during this period was relatively stable, about 500, whereas recreation-caused ignitions within other jurisdictions decreased by 40%. Improved understanding of the impact of human and climatic factors on recreation-caused ignitions could provide valuable insights for shaping policy and management decisions. We found that mean annual densities of recreation-caused ignitions on national forests were 7 times greater within 1km of designated campgrounds than >1km from campgrounds, although 80% of recreation-caused ignitions occured >1km from designated campgrounds. Ignition density in campgrounds increased non-linearly with overnight visitor density; a doubling of visitor density was associated with a ∼40% increase in ignitions. Large (≥4 ha) recreation-caused wildfires, especially those ignited in designated campgrounds, tended to occur concurrent with drought and 1–2 years after anomalously wet conditions. These results suggest that accounting for drought in implementation of fire restrictions, and targeting wildfire-prevention awareness to recreational users outside designated campgrounds, might reduce the likelihood of recreation-caused ignitions.


Human and climatic influences on wildfires ignited by recreational activities in national forests in Washington, Oregon, and California

Jeffrey S Jenkins, John T Abatzoglou, David E Rupp and Erica Fleishman


  • Jeffrey S Jenkins,美国加州大学


Environmental Research Communications

  • 2022年影响因子:2.9  Citescore: 3.6
  • Environmental Research Communications(ERC)是一本开放获取期刊,涵盖与环境研究相关的所有领域,包括跨学科和多学科的研究。ERC发表推动该领域知识的所有研究结果,包括增量研究、负面结果、无效结果、案例分析、区域性研究和复制研究。